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Technical Head

Amina Reshma

May 30, 2023 . 4 min read

GitOps vs. DevOps – Part 01: Unraveling the Differences and Synergies

Delivering high-quality applications quickly and reliably has become crucial for companies seeking a competitive edge. That’s where methodologies like GitOps and DevOps come into play, revolutionizing how software is built and deployed.

These two effective methodologies may have caught your attention because they have gained a lot of traction and are causing a stir in the market. GitOps and DevOps have become the industry’s leading methodologies, enabling development teams to accelerate the delivery of reliable software solutions while streamlining their internal operations.

Gitops vs devops

Now, GitOps and DevOps may appear similar because they both emerge from the same idea of effective software development techniques, but they each have distinctive characteristics and philosophies. In this blog, we’ll delve into the subtleties of GitOps and DevOps, examining their differences and revealing the hidden synergies.

So, whether you’re a seasoned developer, a curious technophile, or someone looking to stay ahead of the game in software development, this blog is for you. 

Get ready to uncover the secrets of these methodologies, analyze their contrasting approaches, and discover how they can work together in perfect harmony to supercharge your software development endeavors. Let’s dive in and explore the captivating world of GitOps vs. DevOps!

What is DevOps? Understanding the basics.

DevOps is a collaborative approach that breaks down silos between development and operations teams, aiming to enhance software delivery. 

It includes fundamental ideas such as automation, continuous integration, continuous delivery, continuous deployment, infrastructure as code (IaC), monitoring, and feedback. Version control, CI/CD pipelines, configuration management, infrastructure automation, and collaboration tools are crucial elements and procedures. 

The advantages of DevOps include a shorter time to market, better teamwork, increased dependability, improved scalability, and ongoing learning. But putting DevOps into practice can be difficult due to cultural resistance, skill gaps, tool complexity, and security concerns. Organizations must foster collaboration, adopt automation and best practices, and navigate these difficulties for their software development and deployment processes to be revolutionized by embracing DevOps.

What is GitOps? 

GitOps is an operational framework that fuses Git version control’s capabilities with DevOps’ guiding principles. It was coined by Weaveworks, a software development company, and has gained significant traction in the industry. 

By using declarative configuration files kept in Git repositories to control infrastructure and application deployments, GitOps seeks to accelerate the software delivery process.

How GitOps Works? Automation and Declarative Approaches.

Gitops working

Declarative configurations and automation are the guiding principles of GitOps. The system’s desired state is defined through declarative files, which are version-controlled in Git. By updating these files, modifications to the system can be made, and the GitOps tooling takes care of automatically implementing those modifications. 

This method ensures that the system’s state constantly aligns with the ideal state specified in Git. Git plays a pivotal role in the GitOps methodology. All configuration files, infrastructure definitions, and application code are sourced exclusively from it. 

Git’s version control features offer a historical record of changes, facilitating simple rollbacks, audits, and team collaboration. Git’s branching and merging features make it easier to develop and test changes concurrently, resulting in a smooth and controlled deployment procedure.

Utilizing the benefits of Git version control, GitOps offers a reliable and effective method for delivering software. Organizations can improve version control, achieve reproducible deployments, increase visibility, and streamline deployment by adopting the GitOps methodology. Read more on GitOps here.

GitOps vs. DevOps: Navigating Two Transformative Methodologies, Key Differences.

The primary focus, workflows, approaches to infrastructure, and tooling of these two methodologies are different. Let’s examine the key distinctions between GitOps and DevOps to highlight their distinctive features. 

Primary Focus: Deployment vs. Collaboration

GitOps’ main objectives are deployment and managing the system’s desired state using declarative configurations saved in Git repositories. GitOps strongly emphasizes preserving consistency between the desired state and the actual state of the system, enabling automated deployments, and minimizing human intervention. 

DevOps, on the other hand, aims to eliminate silos and speed up the software development lifecycle by emphasizing collaboration and communication between the development and operations teams.

Variations in Workflow and Process: Push vs. Pull Model

The processes and workflow models used by GitOps and DevOps are different. Changes are triggered by committing and pushing changes to Git repositories, the “push” model used by GitOps. The target environment is then automatically updated with these changes using the GitOps tooling, ensuring the system is in the desired state. 

DevOps, in contrast, typically employs a “pull” model, whereby the operations team pulls the most recent code from the repository and deploys it manually or automatically.

Approaches to Infrastructure Provisioning and Deployment: Declarative vs. Imperative

The methods used for deploying and provisioning infrastructure are another significant difference. With a declarative approach, GitOps stores infrastructure and application configurations as code in Git repositories. The GitOps tooling automatically reconciles the system to match the desired state described in these declarative files. 

DevOps, on the other hand, frequently uses an imperative approach, where infrastructure provisioning and deployment instructions are carried out step-by-step while concentrating on the precise actions required to achieve the desired result.

Tooling and Automation Methods: Git-Centric vs. Diverse Ecosystem

Git is essential to GitOps, as the foundation for collaboration, change tracking, and version control. Flux and Argo CD are two examples of GitOps tooling that tightly integrate with Git and automate deployment based on changes pushed to the repository. 

The tooling landscape in DevOps is more varied, with a large selection of tools readily available for various phases of the software development lifecycle. DevOps tools can include infrastructure orchestration tools like Kubernetes, configuration management tools like Ansible, and continuous integration servers like Jenkins.

You can navigate and select the methodology that best fits the needs and objectives of your organization by being aware of these critical distinctions. Let us now learn about the synergies that can be achieved by combining GitOps and DevOps.

GitOps and DevOps – Synergies

Despite having different approaches, GitOps and DevOps are two methodologies that are very complementary to one another because they share similar goals and objectives. 

Common Objectives: Efficiency, Automation, and Collaboration

Common goals and objectives between GitOps and DevOps align with contemporary software development methods. By fostering communication and collaboration between the development and operations teams, both methodologies hope to reduce silos and advance cross-functional cooperation. They also emphasize automation, enabling continuous integration, delivery, and deployment, to achieve quicker and more reliable software delivery. 

Both GitOps and DevOps aim to improve the overall software development lifecycle through process simplification, decreased manual intervention, and increased productivity.

Complementing and Enhancing DevOps Practices with GitOps

GitOps can be a valuable addition to current DevOps practices, enhancing and completing their efficacy. GitOps gives DevOps workflows the advantages of declarative configurations and Git version control. GitOps offers version control and reproducibility for infrastructure and application configurations by using Git as the sole source of truth. This integration allows DevOps teams to use GitOps advantages, including automated reconciliation, streamlined rollbacks, and improved system visibility. 

Organizations can enhance their capacity for continuous delivery, scalability, and reliability by integrating GitOps principles and tooling into DevOps practices.

Integrating GitOps and DevOps: A Holistic Approach to Software Development

Software development and deployment can be approached holistically thanks to the integration of GitOps and DevOps. Organizations can create a smooth and effective software delivery pipeline by combining the DevOps collaboration and communication aspects with GitOps’ declarative nature and automation capabilities. 

This integration enables version-controlled management of infrastructure and application configurations, automated deployments based on Git triggers, and continuous integration of code changes. Teams can achieve quicker feedback cycles, shorter time to market, and improved stability and reliability in their software releases by combining GitOps and DevOps.

GitOps and DevOps, despite their differences, share the same goals of effectiveness, automation, and collaboration. Organizations can take advantage of declarative configurations, Git version control, and automation to improve version control, reproducibility, and deployment efficiency by incorporating GitOps into DevOps practices. This all-encompassing method of developing software enables quicker feedback cycles, decreased time to market, and improved stability and reliability. 

We will examine use cases, adoption challenges, trends, and success stories for GitOps and DevOps in the upcoming blog, which will also go into greater detail about their specific fields and applications. You can optimize your software delivery processes and stay competitive in a fast-moving digital environment by taking into account these methodologies and their future development. 
Watch out for the upcoming blog, which will cover all of the aforementioned topics as well as how Ozone uses Tekton to enable the next generation of GitOps.

Ozone is focused on eliminating every complexity of a DevOps team. It simplifies and automates containerized and decentralised application deployments across hybrid cloud and diverse blockchain networks. Ozone integrates seamlessly with major tools across CI, CD, analytics and automation to support your software delivery end to end for even the most complex scenarios.

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